The withdrawal agreement also contains provisions for the United Kingdom to leave the Convention setting the status of European schools, with the United Kingdom bound by the Convention and accompanying regulations on accredited European schools until the end of the last academic year of the transition period, i.e. at the end of the spring semester 2020-2021.  The main advantage of this solution is the lack of land border controls between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. Businesses and farmers in Northern Ireland will comply with EU customs and regulatory rules, meaning Northern Ireland`s products will be able to cross the border from milk machines to milk without having to carry out checks. House of Commons. On 15 January 2019, the House of Commons voted by 230 votes against the Brexit withdrawal agreement, against the UK government.  The government may survived a vote of confidence the next day.  On March 12, 2019, the House of Commons voted 149 votes against the agreement, the fourth-biggest defeat of the government in the history of the House of Commons.  A third vote on the Brexit withdrawal agreement, widely expected on 19 March 2019, was rejected by the House of Commons spokesman on 18 March 2019, on the basis of a parliamentary convention of 2 April 1604, which prevented British governments from forcing the House of Commons to vote several times on a subject already voted on by the House of Commons.    An abbreviated version of the withdrawal agreement, in which the annex political statement had been withdrawn, consisted of the test of « substantial amendments, » so that a third vote was held on 29 March 2019, but was rejected by 58 votes.  The country allows the free movement of persons and is a member of the Schengen area without a passport. It is subject to many rules of the internal market, without having much say in their design. It is outside the customs union and allows it to negotiate free trade agreements with third countries; as a general rule, but not always, it has negotiated with EEA countries.
Switzerland has access to the internal market for goods (excluding agriculture), but not to services (except insurance). It pays a modest amount to the EU budget. The Withdrawal Act set the period until 21 January 2019 to allow the Government to decide how to proceed if negotiations do not lead to an agreement in principle on both the withdrawal regime and the framework for future relations between the UK and the EU; On the other hand, the future ratification of the withdrawal agreement as a treaty between the UK and the EU depends on the prior adoption of another legislative act of Parliament that approves the final conditions for withdrawal after the conclusion of the current Brexit negotiations.