All of our trade research and analysis can be read free of charge online through the OECD`s iLibrary trade policy, which has historically been an exclusive eu competence and now covers foreign direct investment. Free trade negotiations are conducted by the European Commission on the basis of a negotiating mandate drawn up by the Council (Member States). Throughout the negotiations, France strives to take into account the commitment to our companies by seeking agreements based on mutual benefits and benefits and ensuring that our offensive and defensive interests are taken into account in all areas, while striving to preserve our regulatory specificities (exceptions for social diversity). environmental and cultural activities) and to mobilize a differentiated approach based on the level of economic development of the third partner. On this page you will find information on France`s participation in the WTO. France has been a member of the WTO since 1 January 1995 and a member of the GATT since 1 January 1948. It is a member state of the European Union (more information). All EU member states are members of the WTO, as is the EU (officially named European Communities in the WTO for legal reasons until 30 November 2009) in its own law. For many years, France, regardless of the political party in power, has adopted a policy aimed at making this country an attractive place for direct investment. France has confirmed its attractiveness: 1,300 new foreign investment decisions were recorded in 2017 and 74% of foreign business owners in France consider the country attractive (compared to 36% in 2016) (TNS-Sofres 2018 survey).
More than 28,000 foreign companies are present in France, representing 11% of employees, 21% of the efforts of R and; D and a contribution to 30% of exports. In 2017, France was the world`s 11th largest recipient of investment shares ($875 billion). The sectors most affected were manufacturing and financial and real estate activities. The European Union (73%), Switzerland (10%) and the United States (9%) were the main investors. Outside the EU28, Canada ranked 7th among investor countries, representing 1.6% of non-European equity investments in France. Note: Any customs union, every common market, any economic union, the Customs and Monetary Union and the Economic and Monetary Union are also a free trade area. To the extent that atRAs go beyond WTO commitments and remain open to further participation by countries committed to their standards, they can complement the multilateral trading system. Over the years, the OECD has examined the relationship between regional trade agreements and the multilateral trading system, including specific policy areas addressed by ATRs, such as agricultural addressing, technical regulations, compliance standards and procedures, investment rules on international technology transfer, integration of environmental considerations and approaches to market opening in the digital age – to name a few. The impact of these agreements has shown that they are important levers for growth and employment. Since a trade agreement with South Korea was reached, EU exports to South Korea have increased by 60% and a trade surplus of 3.1 billion euros has been recorded in 2016.
The EU has established the largest network of privileged regional agreements on all continents, with a number of agreements with third countries each decade. The EU`s trade policy initially focused on its neighbourhood and its historic development partners and took a strategic turn in 2006, when negotiations began with emerging countries such as India, Russia, South Korea and the Andean countries, as well as with Mercosur.