The impact of Brexit on Gibraltar concerns the status of Gibraltar after the UK leaves the European Union. The UK left the EU on 31 January 2020 after voting to withdraw from the 2016 referendum and formally informing the EU of its intention to withdraw in March 2017. Gibraltar is not part of the United Kingdom, but unlike all other British overseas territories, part of the European Union was like the United Kingdom. She took part in the Brexit referendum and, after the UK left, ceased to be part of the EU after the UK left. Gibraltar`s position in the process of the UK`s withdrawal from the European Union raises concrete questions during the negotiations. Gibraltar voted strongly in favour of remaining in the European Union in the referendum and its unique situation could lead to difficulties in the Brexit negotiations, with Spaniards telling Gibraltar that online gambling, offshore banking and duty-free trade are no longer part of the internal market for Gibraltar`s economy. In November, the European Union and the United Kingdom concluded the terms of an orderly uk withdrawal agreement from the European Union. Gibraltar was part of that agreement. The withdrawal agreement includes a transition period until the end of 2020, including in Gibraltar. On 18 October 2018, Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sénchez announced that he had reached an agreement with Britain by declaring the Gibraltar Protocol « resolved » and declaring that the Spanish government would not oppose the UK`s withdrawal from the EU, particularly with regard to Gibraltar, which is one of the UK`s overseas territories and is currently within the EU.   Any dispute that Spain has or might have over Gibraltar`s sovereignty will no longer concern any future trade agreement between Britain and the EU.  With regard to the political declaration on the future relationship between the EU and the UNITED Kingdom, it will be replaced by an international agreement after the UK`s withdrawal from the EU. Pending an agreement, the declaration is therefore a political document without binding legal effects, which can guide future relations between the EU and the UK and serve as the basis for a future agreement.
Unlike the withdrawal agreement, the declaration does not deal with Gibraltar or the clarification of Article 184 above, as Spain has requested. Indeed, Spain threatened to veto the agreement and declaration if the article was not amended or withdrawn. Although the article was neither amended nor deleted, Spain accepted both texts. A Spanish diplomat said an agreement on airlines` landing rights for flights between the EU and the UK during the Brexit negotiations would not apply to Gibraltar International Airport.  However, from 2018-2019, all flights to and from the UK or Morocco (not affected by Brexit) and no flights to the EU. As an alternative, Malaga Airport (125 kilometres distance) offers many flights from the EU. The withdrawal agreement between the European Union and the United Kingdom sets out the conditions for the UK`s orderly exit from the EU, in accordance with Article 50 of the Treaty on european Union. After Brexit, some agreements will apply during the transition period. However, after the transition period, agreements still need to be negotiated between stakeholders.  EU and UK negotiators have reached an agreement on the draft withdrawal agreement allowing the European Council (Article 50) to adopt guidelines for the future EU-UK relationship on 23 March 2018.
This triggered Article 50 of the Treaty on the European Union, which defines the procedure for the withdrawal of an EU member state, thus opening a two-year countdown to withdrawal.